Skin is composed of three primary layers: the epidermis , the dermis and the hypodermis . The dermis is the layer of skin beneath the epidermis that consists of epithelial tissue and cushions the body from stress and strain. The hypodermis is not part of the skin, and lies below the dermis. Melanin is produced within the skin in cells called melanocytes and it is the main determinant of the skin color of darker-skinned humans. Oxyhemoglobin: It is also found in blood and is not a pigment of the skin. Photoaging has two main concerns: an increased risk for skin cancer and the appearance of damaged skin. Diseases of the skin include skin infections and skin neoplasms (including skin cancer).  In general, the microorganisms keep one another in check and are part of a healthy skin. Sunlight, water and air play an important role in keeping the skin healthy.  When the skin produces excessive sebum , it becomes heavy and thick in texture. Human skin has a low permeability ; that is, most foreign substances are unable to penetrate and diffuse through the skin. Nanoparticles 40 nm in diameter and smaller have been successful in penetrating the skin. Titanium oxide (Ti O 2), zinc oxide (Zn O), and silver nanoparticles are ineffective in penetrating the skin past the stratum corneum. Increasing the permeability of skin allows nanoparticles to penetrate and target cancer cells.
Chemotherapy and skin care. During the day, use a product that protects your skin from the sun, blocking UVA and UVB rays. Radiation and skin care. Radiation to the breast causes skin changes : There can be some itching, burning, and tenderness of the skin. You may have some dry peeling, like an old sunburn, as the skin rubs off. The skin generally heals quickly and completely. The change-over to tan shading, if you have light skin, can take a few weeks to go away. In women of color, the darkening of the skin can be more significant and may also take longer to disappear. This is why it is so important to take extra precautions to protect the skin within the radiation treatment field from the sun. Skin and sun precautions. They contain few oil and sweat glands and no melanin (a protective chemical in the rest of your skin).
The Best Skin Care Products for Colored Skin. Dry Skin Products. Ashy skin and eczema (atopic dermatitis) are dry skin conditions that afflict people of color. Choose products that are both humectant and emollient. Products that contain oatmeal and feverfew will help calm irritation and swelling of dry, itchy skin. Avoid products that contain drying ingredients such as alcohols and perfumes. Choose products that are noncomedogenic to prevent clogging of the pores. Using moisturizers that contain sunscreen will help prevent hyperpigmentation from worsening while the skin heals. Also note that skin affected by eczema is more sensitive to UV radiation, so choose a cream sunscreen and apply generously for this type of skin.
The Challenges of Black Skin Care. Vitiligo is a common skin care condition where the pigment cells attack each other and are destroyed and replaced with irregular white patches, a very unsightly skincare problem for all skin. Basic Skin Care for Dark Skin Tones. Oil-based removers are perfect for dry skin and others have acne-fighting ingredients built in. The combined effect could be too harsh for your skin. However, there are some issues particular to black skin that come with aging , including an increase in skin growths, more uneven skin tone, and hollowness of the cheeks. Product Lines for Black Skin. Some of the specific product lines for darker skin include: As with any product, sometimes trial and error is the only way to find out which brands really work best for your specific skin. Although there are challenges specific to black skin, there is continuing growth and expansion of the products, services, and treatments available to help everyone have healthy, gorgeous skin.
The Best African American Skin Care Products. However, even African American women are not immune to the effects of aging and sun damage, which is why it is essential to use some these recommended African American skin care products on the market. Ambi Even & Clear Daily Moisturizer SPF 30 is one of the best African American skin care products for treating dark spots because it contains vitamin C, which helps with uneven skin tone. African American skin care products that help fight aging include Ro C Retinol Correxion Deep Wrinkle Night Cream, which contains retinol and helps boost the production of collagen in skin.
Keeping your baby's skin soft and healthy begins with an understanding of its unique characteristics and needs. The skin will darken and reach its natural color in the first two to three weeks. Spending too much time in a soapy tub can dry out a baby's skin because bathing removes the natural oils along with the dirt. African American skin tends to be dry, and excessively dry skin can become itchy and uncomfortable. Regular use of a gentle moisturizer can soothe and protect dry skin. Dry flakes on the surface of the skin may give darker skin an "ashy" appearance. Look for products that are free of alcohol and perfume, which can dry and irritate the skin. Apply the moisturizer within minutes of taking your baby out of the tub to seal in the moisture that's still in her skin from the bath. The darker your baby's skin, the more melanin it contains. Excessive sun exposure also dries out the skin and can cause heat rash .
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Treating acne in black skin. Acne is the most common skin disorder in black adolescents and black adults and is often the primary reason for a visit to a doctor or dermatologist.1-3 According to the Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, "Acne vulgaris is an extremely common dermatological problem in Africans and people of African descent worldwide."4 Despite this prevalence, relatively few studies have been conducted on people with black skin. People with black skin tend to have inflammatory acne, the most common type of acne. Black people also tend to have fewer nodules and cysts, the more severe types of acne lesions. Despite the fact that black people tend to have less severe lesions, there is a higher chance of keloid scarring, especially on the chest and back, making effective acne prevention paramount. Sometimes the greasy emollients which make up black hair care products can come into contact with the skin and aggravate acne. How to treat acne in black skin. Luckily, inflammatory acne develops and is treated the same way regardless of skin color, and with the right regimen is easy to clear. People of African descent should not take the antibiotic minocycline to treat acne symptoms.
When it comes to skin care, skin is skin—no matter the color. Skin is the body’s largest organ which is why everyone’s skin needs the same ingredients to address dry skin, acne, wrinkles, sun damage, uneven skin tone, oily skin, rosacea, sensitive skin, and so on. Everyone’s skin also needs the same basics to care for it: gentle cleansing, sun protection, and state-of-the-art products for their skin type. Always use a well formulated sunscreen during the day (the most typical cause of uneven skin tone for women of color is sun damage). Dark Skin and Sun Damage. Everyone’s skin color is created by the amount of melanin in their skin. Having lots of melanin gives women of color an added advantage when it comes to how their skin handles sun exposure and how soon the damage becomes visible. Essentially, the more melanin your skin has, the more natural defense your skin has against the sun. Just to review, skin color is not a skin type, and skin type is definitely what should dictate which products you use. How you treat oily skin, dry skin, sensitive skin, rosacea, acne, clogged pores, eczema, skin discolorations, wrinkles, or sun damage is the same, regardless of your skin color. Rather than get misled by slick marketing convincing you to buy products based on ethnicity, follow The Paula's Choice Research Team’s approach: Use products that suit your skin type and condition, not your skin color. You’ll find products for all skin types and a range of concerns, from acne and sensitive skin to wrinkles, pores, and sun damage. With Paula’s Choice Skincare, you can get (and keep) the best skin of your life!